Many Dutch Jews can trace their roots back to the time of the Inquisition. The contemporary Dutch Jewry begins at the end of the 16th century. Others may be able to find ancestors who came from other Eastern European countries. In any case, their is a very active Jewish community and is continually building up their resources. General birth, marriage and death records, in Holland, do go back to the 1500s. Jews were granted freedom of worship early in the 17th century and were able to practice Judaism openly.
Prior to WW II, there were approximately 140,000 Jews living in the Netherlands, but by war's end, over 100,000 Dutch Jews had been murdered ... most by the Nazis ... but some by Dutch collaborators. Seventy five percent of Dutch Jews perished during the Holocaust, the highest percentage in any country in Nazi-occupied Europe, except for Poland Among the 18,000 Righteous Gentiles officially recognized by Yad Vashem, 4,000 are Dutch, by far the largest national contingent in Europe. Today the Dutch Jewish population numbers about 30,000 in a general population of almost 16,000,000. The name "Netherlands" is derived from the Dutch word "neder" meaning "low". The term Low Countries is used collectively for Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, a reference to the low-lying nature of the land.
"The Coffee Trader"
A novel authored by David Liss and published by Random House. A story about a Portuguese Jews who arrives in Amsterdam in 1659. He goes to the Ma'amad (council), an organization of Portuguese Jews who teach him about Judaism. Gives an insight into the life and time of a 'secret' Jew.
"History Of The Jews Of The Netherland Antilles"
Authored by Isaac S. Emmanuel and Susan A. Emmanuel
Image and Impression: Rare Prints from the collection of
the Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America"
Sanctuary and synagogue: the experience of the Portuguese and Ashkenazic Jews in Amsterdam; visions of glory; engraved portraits of Jewish personalities in the 1600 to 1900s and much more. Available from Dan Wyman Books,
A story about 40 Jewish boys and girls who lived in a Kibbutz in
Hummelo en Keppel in Holland during the years 1941-43 and their fate.
It tells the story about the deportation and murder of Jewish, Roma and
Sinti children in the years 1942 - 1945 and lists names, dates of birth,
place of residence and includes some photographs Published by the
Archives of Amsterdam
ISBN 9012091785. .
A list of these names can be found at
and then click on the JewishGen archives link of 12/18/99 on page 7.
Another location for the "In Memoriam" book that lists the names, dates of birth and death and place of death of all of the Dutch Jews that were killed during the WW II is
"Trouwen In Mokum"
Two volumes that is organized by date and by bride, groom's parents' and witnesses' first and last names and towns of origins, plus a Sephardic section. It is available through inter-library loan or for sale at the Municipal Archive of Amsterdam.
A valuable site to help find a person, maps, etc.
then type in the name of any country you wish
to research. This service is free
A great web site. It is a directory of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked to a map for each town. A tab separated list is available for each country.
Open Street Maps
The crowd-sourced mapping project OpenStreetMap has
amassed a million contributors since its inception in 2005 and,
according to navigation app maker Skobbler, boasts greater accuracy in
than rivals such as Google Maps. I tried the site and found an
accurate drawing of my father's ancestral town
Almost every country is available as is most towns
I found some interesting information at a family web site: "
Salomon Jacob Spanjaard, a young German Jew, lived in Zwolle (eastern part of the Netherlands) at the end of the 18th century. Zwolle -even more so than Amsterdam at that moment- was a city where Jews lived in relative freedom and were not being haunted. He originally came from Bodendorf near Remagen, close to the Rhine between Bonn and Koblenz. He was born 13 December 1783 as a son from Dorothea Simons and Jacob. As many Jews at that time he tried to make a living as a merchant, selling form city to city. At one of his travels, while he probably was bearing his merchandise on his back, he passed Borne. Somewhat outside that village lived David van Gelder, merchant in a variety of things, but mainly furs, and Berendina Menko. In 1811 Salomon married their daughter Sara. A year later when everybody was forced to have a surname by the French regime, Salomon let himself be registered as Salomon Jacob Spanjaard. How he got to the name 'Spanjaard' is not known. A plausible theory is that ‘Spanjaard’ signifies a small, dark personality, possibly an offspring from the Spanish occupation some two centuries before. Because of a bad eye he was also known as ‘Sallie Eenoog’, 'Sally One eye'."
This interesting site can be read in both Dutch and English.
Archives - State Archives - in The Hague
Gemeentelijke Archiefdienst Rotterdam (City)
Robert Fruinstraat 52
3001 HB Rotterdam
Phone: +31 10 4775166
3032 CG Rotterdam
Municipal Archive of Amsterdam - according to an E-mail from Shoshannah van Amerongen of Amsterdam, this is a valuable resource for genealogical research and they specialize in helping people trace their Jewish roots. The site is in Dutch language. There is also a second site that Shoshannah mentions in which it gives more information about Jewish families in Amsterdam.
Rijksarchief In Zuid-Holland (Province)
Pr. Willem Alexanderhof 20
2509 LM 's Gravenhage
Telephone: +31 70 3315400
Ashkenazi Dutch Jews
Research and information on the immigrant Dutch Ashkenazi community in mid nineteenth century London including Downloads of Census extracts (Spitalfields) and library of relevant archival documents and quite a bit more developed by Aubrey Jacobus
Dutch and Belgian Jews were sometimes called Black Dutch in America because they spoke Dutch or Flemish and were darker than the other Dutch and Flemish. They had only recently moved to the Netherlands and Belgium (then Spanish Netherlands) from Iberia (Portugal and Spain). When Spain annexed Portugal for a while, many Portuguese Jews fled to Spanish Flanders to escape the Inquisition
for Flanders as part of Spanish Netherlands) Most, like the famous philosopher Baruch Spinoza, crossed into Protestant Netherlands for greater freedom of expression and religion for more on Spinoza
These Sephardic Jews were, on the average, darker than the Ashkenazic Jews of northern Europe, so an explanation like Black Dutch suited them well.
Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People
Ouderkerk aan de Amstel is located near Amsterdam. A book is mentioned in ETSI. The article can be found in the Winter issue of ETSI (Sephardi Genealogical and Historical Review of 1999
Beth Haim NL Cemetery
Zwollerkerspel (Voorst) General Cemetery
for the post-war restoration of securities rights
the Puttkammer List in the Netherlands
The Central Jewish board in the Netherlands and the Israel Platform of former Dutchman in Israel have established a foundation to award war claims. More information can be obtained by contacting:
Stichting Individuele Effectenaanspraken Sjoa
Postbus 94200 (1C24) 1090 GE Amsterdam The Netherlands
Digital Resources in the Netherlands, including
Dutch Database (in Dutch)
Dutch Forced Labor
There was a Jewish work camp Twilhaar, near Nijverdal in the province of Overijssel in the Netherlands according to a posting by Alex Alferink on JewishGen. The following web site about Twilhaar, is in Dutch but does have photos
Dutch Jewish Genealogy
Dutch Jewish Genealogy Society Home Page
Dutch Jewish Genealogical Data Base
Links include Family Tree Collection; Inventory of Ashkenazi-Jewish Inhabitants of Amsterdam in the Eight Century; Links to Personal Home Pages with Genealogical information and more
Dutch Jews who died in the Holocaust searchable database
The following page is in Dutch
Dutch Jewry on the Internet
Center for Research on Dutch Jewry
Ben Zion Dinur Institute for Jewish History
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Givat Ram Campus
Tel: 00972 2 6584889
Tracing Our Dutch Ancestors
Dutch Telephone Phone Book Search Engine
Type in a name and you can find names and phone numbers in all of Holland. I even found a Margulis in Amsterdam complete with address and phone number. The site is in Dutch, but it can easily be translated into English or understood without any translation
Business 2 business company directory and business in Europe, yellow pages access, international and European business directory (professional services, addresses and business classifieds)
Anne began her diary around her
13th birthday, shortly before she and her family went into hiding.
Her father, Otto Frank, published her diary after the way.
Who betrayed her to the Nazis? According to a recent study, Two theories suggest the betrayer of the teenager, whose diary has become a standard of Holocaust studies, was either a business associate of Frank's father or a cleaning woman.
"Anne Frank: The Anne Frank House
Authorized Graphic Biography"
Authored by Ernie Colon and Sid Jacobson
Miep Gies and "The Diary of Anne Frank"
Genealogical Research in the Netherlands and Germany
HAL Shipping Line
Many immigrants left Holland via this line and the line's records are available
3032 CG Rotterdam
Holocaust Victims at Sobibor Camp Database
Index on Birth Registers of Zwollerkerspel 1811 - 1912
Online at The Municipal Archives of Zwolle
Organization of Dutch Jewish Communities
Amsterdam 1081 BT, Netherlands
Jewish Social Services
Amsterdam 1075 HJ, Netherlands
Jewish Historical Museum
Located in Amsterdam,
the exhibits tells the story of the Jews of the Netherlands
Nazi Concentration Camps in the Netherlands
See also my
Netherlands Society for Jewish Genealogy
(Nederlandse Kring voor Joodse Genealogie)
Includes sources and archives in the Netherlands on the subject of Jewish Genealogy, publications by the society and by individual members. You can order "Adoption of Surnames in Amsterdam" from the Society.
Sephardic Resources in Holland
Surname Tracing Service
A free service to trace surnames in the Netherlands is offered by Sefan Pinkus. He has established a network of Jewish genealogists, both amateur (like himself) and professional, in different countries. Their E-mail addresses are included in the Dutch Jewish Genealogy Homepage
Israeli Circle for Dutch Genealogy of the Center for
Research on Dutch Jewry
- Hebrew University in
Many translating programs
Translating Services -
TravLang is another commercial site that offers a number of translating services - some for free
Just in case you didn't think of it, contact a nearby university or college's foreign language department. They may offer to write letters and translate letters into English. A nominal fee is usually charged.
(Encyclopaedia of Jewish Communities in Netherlands)
Holland Cities and Towns
Tuschinski, a Jewish guy from
opened the first Dutch cinema in Rotterdam. This theatre however was
destroyed in the bombing of this Dutch city in 1940, when the Nazi's
invaded the country.
Amsterdam Hotel -
Photo by Ted Margulis
There was a large Jewish presence here before WW II. Amsterdam has been an important center for the world's diamond trade since the 16th century.
One of the most important sites to see in this city is the Anne Frank house.
Amsterdam Market around 1980
This town had 1,310 Jewish inhabitants in 1941
There was a Jewish presence here in the 1800s.
Three hundred year old Jewish cemetery exists here
Rene de Vries is the Chair of the Jewish Community of Groningen
- 1756 - 1815
A Dutch city known for its tulips, bustling Grote Markt, Frans Hals Museum and beautiful church, Sint Bavokerk; but for Krista Bjorn it is most memorable for something more: a story of love, sacrifice, and forgiveness. During World War II, a home in the center of town was secretly known to many as “the hiding place” - Corrie ten Boom Museum.
Stoppelman's Orchestra at Oude Pekela around
The Jewish community of the
Pekelas was governed by a community council and maintained a council
for aiding the poor. Jewish voluntary organizations in the Pekelas
included a burial society, a society for caring for the sick, and a
society for maintaining a synagogue and its appurtenances. The community
also organized fellowships for the study of Hebrew as well as theater
and choral clubs. Until the early years of the 20th century, the
Pekelas boasted a popular family orchestra of its own, comprised of
a Mr. Stoppelman and his seven sons.
There are three Jewish cemeteries
in Putte, a small village that is partly in Holland and
partly in Belgium, approximately 30 km north of Antwerp.
The Dutch part of Putte is located in the province of
North-Brabant in The Netherlands. The burials were mainly
from Antwerp, because the Jewish cemeteries in Belgium are
not eternal. Coming from Antwerp, the cemeteries are on the right
side of the main road to Holland. Source: Paul Verjans
The city of Rotterdam has been officially in existence since 1328, when Count Willem III granted 'city rights' for the town that had been growing around a dam in the river Rotte. The story of the city, including history, facts and figures in a virtual tour is located at
There was a Jewish presence here before WW II
more to come ...
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