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Waterlooplein met gepofte kastanjeman, ca. ca. 1920 http://www.geheugenvannederland.nl/?/en/collecties/portretten_en_afbeeldingen_van_joods_nederland_rond_1900/ prentbriefkaarten
Many Dutch Jews can trace their roots back to the time of the Inquisition. The contemporary Dutch Jewrybegins at the end of the 16th century. Others may be able to find ancestors who came from other Eastern European countries. In any case, their is a very active Jewish community and is continually building up their resources. General birth, marriage and death records, in Holland, do go back to the 1500s. Jews were granted freedom of worship early in the 17th century and were able to practice Judaism openly.
Prior to WW II, there were approximately 140,000 Jews living in the Netherlands, but by war's end, over 100,000 Dutch Jews had been murdered ... most by the Nazis ... but some by Dutch collaborators. Seventy five percent of Dutch Jews perished during the Holocaust, the highest percentage in any country in Nazi-occupied Europe, except for Poland Among the 18,000 Righteous Gentiles officially recognized by Yad Vashem, 4,000 are Dutch, by far the largest national contingent in Europe. Today the Dutch Jewish population numbers about 30,000 in a general population of almost 16,000,000. The name "Netherlands" is derived from the Dutch word "neder" meaning "low". The term Low Countries is used collectively for Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, a reference to the low-lying nature of the land
"The Coffee Trader" A novel authored by David Liss and published by Random House. A story about a Portuguese Jews who arrives in Amsterdam in 1659. He goes to the Ma'amad (council), an organization of Portuguese Jews who teach him about Judaism. Gives an insight into the life and time of a 'secret' Jew.
Image and Impression: Rare Prints from the collection of the Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America"
Sanctuary and synagogue: the experience of the Portuguese and Ashkenazic Jews in Amsterdam; visions of glory; engraved portraits of Jewish personalities in the 1600 to 1900s and much more. Available from Dan Wyman Books, dan@DANWYMANBOOKS.com ISBN: 0873340892
"In Memoriam" A story about 40 Jewish boys and girls who lived in a Kibbutz in Hummelo en Keppel in Hollandduring the years 1941-43 and their fate. It tells the story about the deportation and murder of Jewish, Roma and Sinti children in the years 1942 - 1945 and lists names, dates of birth, place of residence and includes some photographs Published by the Archives of Amsterdam ISBN 9012091785. .
"Trouwen In Mokum" Two volumes that is organized by date and by bride, groom's parents' and witnesses' first and last names and towns of origins, plus a Sephardic section. It is available through inter-library loan or for sale at the Municipal Archive of Amsterdam.
A valuable site to help find a person, maps, etc. then type in the name of any country you wish to research. This service is free http://www.webhelp.com/home
Global Gazetteer A great web site. It is a directory of 2,880,532 of the world's cities and towns, sorted by country and linked to a map for each town. A tab separated list is available for each country. www.calle.com/world/
Open Street Maps The crowd-sourced mapping projectOpenStreetMaphas amassed a million contributors since its inception in 2005 and, according to navigation app maker Skobbler, boasts greater accuracy in England, Russia and Germany than rivals such as Google Maps. I tried the site and found an accurate drawing of my father's ancestral town Tal'ne, Ukraine. Almost every country is available as is most towns http://openstreetmap.org
I found some interesting information at a family web site:
Salomon Jacob Spanjaard, a young German Jew, lived in Zwolle (eastern part of the Netherlands) at the end of the 18th century. Zwolle -even more so than Amsterdam at that moment- was a city where Jews lived in relative freedom and were not being haunted. He originally came from Bodendorf near Remagen, close to the Rhine between Bonn and Koblenz. He was born 13 December 1783 as a son from Dorothea Simons and Jacob. As many Jews at that time he tried to make a living as a merchant, selling form city to city. At one of his travels, while he probably was bearing his merchandise on his back, he passed Borne. Somewhat outside that village lived David van Gelder, merchant in a variety of things, but mainly furs, and Berendina Menko. In 1811 Salomon married their daughter Sara. A year later when everybody was forced to have a surname by the French regime, Salomon let himself be registered as Salomon Jacob Spanjaard. How he got to the name 'Spanjaard' is not known. A plausible theory is that ‘Spanjaard’ signifies a small, dark personality, possibly an offspring from the Spanish occupation some two centuries before. Because of a bad eye he was also known as ‘Sallie Eenoog’, 'Sally One eye'." This interesting site can be read in both Dutch and English. www.berithsalom.nl
Archives - State Archives - in The Hague
Archivenet is a search service for websites of archival services at home and abroad.Archivenet is maintained daily since 1995. You can choose between the main sections Netherlands, Flanders, and other world.The sections Netherlands and Flanders can search both on location and in province.The section is divided by continent world.In the section you will find links to other portal sites and websites of other institutions.If you can not find the setting you are looking for, the search screen might offer top of the screen outcome.Also alerts you Archivenet by messages in the right column, on new websites or parts thereof.You can also sign such messages http://www.archief.nl
Municipal Archive of Amsterdam - according to an Email: from Shoshannah van Amerongen of Amsterdam, this is a valuable resource for genealogical research and they specialize in helping people trace their Jewish roots. The site is in Dutch language. There is also a second site that Shoshannah mentions in which it gives more information about Jewish families in Amsterdam. http://gemeentearchief.amsterdam.nl/
Research and information on the immigrant Dutch Ashkenazi community in mid nineteenth century London including Downloads of Census extracts(Spitalfields) and library of relevant archival documents and quite a bit more developed by Aubrey Jacobus Email:firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.zen28027.zen.co.uk/
Dutch and Belgian Jews were sometimes called Black Dutch in America because they spoke Dutch or Flemishand were darker than the other Dutch and Flemish. They had only recently moved to the Netherlands and Belgium (then Spanish Netherlands) from Iberia (Portugal and Spain). When Spain annexed Portugal for a while, many Portuguese Jews fled to Spanish Flanders to escape the Inquisition http://www.theotherside.co.uk/tm-heritage/background/flanders.htm
for Flanders as part of Spanish Netherlands) Most, like the famous philosopher Baruch Spinoza, crossed into Protestant Netherlands for greater freedom of expression and religion for more on Spinoza http://users.erols.com/jyselman/
These Sephardic Jews were, on the average, darker than the Ashkenazic Jews of northern Europe, so an explanation like Black Dutch suited them well.
Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People (CAHJP)
Ouderkerk aan de Amstel is located near Amsterdam. A book is mentioned in ETSI. The article can be found in the Winter issue of ETSI (Sephardi Genealogical and Historical Review of 1999 http://www.sephardicgen.com/dutch_sites.htm
Compensationfor the post-war restoration of securities rights and the Puttkammer List in the Netherlands
The Central Jewish board in the Netherlands and the Israel Platform of former Dutchman in Israel have established a foundation to award war claims. More information can be obtained by contacting: Stichting Individuele Effectenaanspraken Sjoa Postbus 94200 (1C24) 1090 GE Amsterdam The Netherlands http://www.claimscon.org/index.asp?url=netherlands
Digital Resources in the Netherlands, including Passenger Lists
Dutch Jewish families from the regions of Salland, Twente and the Achterhhoek in the provinces of Gelderland and Overijssel http://www.bnnch.net/
Dutch Jewish Genealogical Data Base
Links include Family Tree Collection; Inventory of Ashkenazi-Jewish Inhabitants of Amsterdam in the Eight Century; Links to Personal Home Pages with Genealogical information and more http://www.nljewgen.org/
Type in a name and you can find names and phone numbers in all of Holland. I even found a Margulis in Amsterdam complete with address and phone number. The site is in Dutch, but it can easily be translated into English or understood without any translation http://www.nationaletelefoongids.nl/
Business 2 business company directory and business in Europe, yellow pages access, international and European business directory (professional services, addresses and business classifieds) http://www.europages.com
Anne began her diary around her 13th birthday, shortly before she and her family went into hiding. Her father, Otto Frank, published her diary after the way.
Who betrayed her to the Nazis? According to a recent study, Two theories suggest the betrayer of the teenager, whose diary has become a standard of Holocaust studies, was either a business associate of Frank's father or a cleaning woman.
"Anne Frank: The Anne Frank House Authorized Graphic Biography" Authored by Ernie Colon and Sid Jacobson
Netherlands Society for Jewish Genealogy (Nederlandse Kring voor Joodse Genealogie)
Includes sources and archives in the Netherlands on the subject of Jewish Genealogy, publications by the society and by individual members. You can order "Adoption of Surnames in Amsterdam" from the Society. http://www.nljewgen.org/
A free service to trace surnames in the Netherlands is offered by Sefan Pinkus. He has established a network of Jewish genealogists, both amateur (like himself) and professional, in different countries. Their Email: addresses are included in the Dutch Jewish Genealogy Homepage http://www.inter.nl.net/users/DJGH
TheIsraeli Circle for Dutch Genealogy of the Center for Research on Dutch Jewry - Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
Just in case you didn't think of it, contact a nearby university or college's foreign language department. They may offer to write letters and translate letters into English. A nominal fee is usually charged.
There was a large Jewish presence here before WW II. Amsterdam has been an important center for the world's diamond trade since the 16th century. In 1940, 140,000 Jews lived in Holland. Today there are 20-25,000 Jews, with 15-20,000 in Amsterdam. One of the big mysteries is why the Portuguese Synagogue remained undamaged by the Nazis http://www.amsterdam.info/jewish/
Synagogues The Portuguese Synagogue (esnoga) at Mr. Visserplein 3 was inaugurated on August 2, 1675. Wooden piles support the building and the foundation vaults can be viewed by boat from the water underneath the synagogue. Around the main edifice a row of low buildings house the winter synagogue, offices, archives, homes of officials, the rabbinate, a mortuary and the world famous Ets Haim Library. The layout is of the longitudinal Iberian-Sephardi type with the arc and bema at opposite ends of the interior while the seating is divided in two, the halves facing each other and separated by an aisle. The floor is covered by fine sand in the old Dutch fashion, to absorb dust, moisture and dirt from shoes and to muffle noise.
A Dutch city known for its tulips, bustling Grote Markt, Frans Hals Museum and beautiful church, Sint Bavokerk; but for Krista Bjorn it is most memorable for something more: a story of love, sacrifice, and forgiveness. During World War II, a home in the center of town was secretly known to many as “the hiding place” - Corrie ten Boom Museum. http://www.travelbelles.com/2010/10/a-secret-room-in-haarlem/
The Jewish community of the Pekelas was governed by a community council and maintained a council for aiding the poor. Jewish voluntary organizations in the Pekelas included a burial society, a society for caring for the sick, and a society for maintaining a synagogue and its appurtenances. The community also organized fellowships for the study of Hebrew as well as theater and choral clubs. Until the early years of the 20th century, the Pekelas boasted a popular family orchestra of its own, comprised of a Mr. Stoppelman and his seven sons. http://www.hollandscheschouwburg.nl/
There are three Jewish cemeteries in Putte, a small village that is partly in Holland and partly in Belgium, approximately 30 km north of Antwerp. The Dutch part of Putte is located in the province of North-Brabant in The Netherlands. The burials were mainly from Antwerp, because the Jewish cemeteries in Belgium are not eternal. Coming from Antwerp, the cemeteries are on the right side of the main road to Holland. Source: Paul Verjans http://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/netherlands/putte.html
The city of Rotterdam has been officially in existence since 1328, when Count Willem III granted 'city rights' for the town that had been growing around a dam in the river Rotte. The story of the city, including history, facts and figures in a virtual tour is located at http://www.euronet.nl/users/frankvw/rtd_facts.html
The first mention of Jews having lived in Winterswijk dates to 1700. The Jewish population of Winterswijk grew over the course of the 18th century; an organized Jewish community, however, did not come into existence in the town until the century drew to a close. The community was officially recognized in 1800.
During the early years of Jewish life in Winterswijk, religious services were held in synagogues in private homes at various locations in the town. In 1847, an actual synagogue building was consecrated in the Jodensteeg (Jews' Alley). The Jodensteeg synagogue remained in service until 1889 when it was converted to house Winterswijk's Jewish school following the consecration of a new synagogue in the Spoorstraat http://www.jhm.nl/culture-and-history/the-netherlands/gelderland/winterswijk
more to come ...
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