The testimony of a Jew from the village of Ganice is quite instructive: “The Ruthenians displayed jubilation and teased the Jews, upon seeing the Jews' bitter fate. Among these, non-Jews with whom one lived and did business with, in friendship, trust and good-neighborly relationships for decades.” This man's testimony continues, “And this is one of the reasons that the Jews were deterred from escaping to the nearby forests.” In some cases the Ruthenian peasants with their own hands killed Jews who tried to hide. There were times when the Jews preferred to give themselves up to the Hungarian gendarmes rather than falling into the hands of the Ruthenians, who would torture the Jews before murdering them; and the tales of the Jews of Dibeve which assert that there were several cases of attempted escape, but not one of them was successful, for the Ruthenians took part in the chase and search for the Jews hiding in the forests and betrayed them to the gendarmes.
Gura Humorului Jewish Community
The aim of these pages is to provide a photographic record and to provide the burial records of the Gura Humorului Jewish cemetery (Romania), and others records from the Jewish community of that town, for the benefit of those genealogists who live some distance away and for the decedents of Gura Humorului Jewish community
A ghetto, briefly described at
Kitsman (now in Ukraine) aka Cotmani; Kotzman, Kuchmeh, Cosmeni, Kocman, Kicman, Cotman,
Copzmeni, Koshman, Kozmeny Ukrainian Shtetls
"Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina"
Leszkowka [Laskowka, Laskovka], Austria
LDS Film 897093 includes the Austro-Hungarian Empire Postal Gazetteer for 1910. A very useful book for finding towns with post offices.
This also has a cross reference to alternate names for towns. The preferred name was Laszkowka. Alternate names were: Laschkowka (o with acute accent) Laskiwca (with inverted carat on s, Czech spelling?) Laszkiwka (L with a slash, Polish spelling?) The directory suggests rail access via the Luzan - Zaleszczyki line, or road from Kotzmann. The area was known as Kotzman (one n!). From a posting by Harry Dodsworth email@example.com
Luh (Tiszalonka, Lonka, Leh, Lug)
A view of the town - The Hungarian village of Lonka was cut into two parts after WWI, when
the Tisza River became a national border. The other half became Lunca la Tisa, Romania.
In many places in Galicia and Bukovina, the Jewish cemeteries are the only material remnants of the Jewish community. Some of the cemeteries and tombstones date back to the 16th century.
Cemeteries and burial ceremonies had an important place in the religious life and cultural experience of the Jews of Eastern Europe, and great effort was therefore expended on commemorating the departed through the unique language of tombstone art. Many of these tombstones have significant artistic value, and give us a unique window into the inner life of many generations of Jews, their beliefs and the opinions and the world views of the surrounding cultures
Nizhniye Stanovtsy (Nyzhni Stanivitzi, Nyzhni Stanivitzi [Ukr], Staneştii de Jos [Rom], Unter-Stanestie
[Ger], Nizhniye Stanovtsy [Rus], Stanowce Wielki [Pol], Untershtaneshti,
Staneshti, Staneshti De-Zhos, Nischnije Stanowzy, Unterstanestie am
Czeremosch, Stăneştii-de-Jos-pe-Ceremuş, Stanivcy Welyky nad Czoremoszom)
"Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina"
Pechenizhin (Pechenezhin, Pechenezh, Pecenizyn, Pechenizhyn, Petchinizhin)
Located in the Kolomyja District, it is a small town in western Ukraine on the Luchka and Pecheniga rivers, 12 km. from Kolomya. It was in the possession of a nobleman. We know that Jews resided there as early as the 18th century, since the wooden synagogue in the town, complete with its spectacular wall paintings, dates to this time. The population of the town – both Jewish and non-Jewish – grew significantly following the discovery of oil wells at the end of the 19th century. In 1890 there were 2,224 Jews in Pechenizhyn (out of 6,838 inhabitants), but with the decrease in oil production the Jewish population of the town dwindled, with many leaving for other locations in Galicia or abroad. During the Holocaust the Jews of Pechenizhyn were deported to the Kołomyja ghetto, where they died together with the Jews of Kolomyja.
Tombstone of Arie Leibush, Son of Shlomo in Pechenezhin cemetery
The Jewish cemetery of Radautz (Radauti) was established in 1831. A group of people, led by Bondy Stenzler has initiated cemetery documentation process. The headstones are photographed and then a database was prepared. As for this moment, about 3,000 names (out of the approx. 7,700) are documented and the work continues. The site includes a list of all names recorded at this phase, using (with permission) an extension of the JewishGen JOWBR format (plus Hebrew names and dates). A small portion of the names is already linked to headstone medium-to-high quality photographs. From a posting by Yosef Yagur
There is still a Radauti organization in Israel, along with several other groups associated with towns in Bukovina. The Weltverbandes der Bukowiner Juden has developed a web site with complete contact information. Here is the starting page:
"Last Jews of Radauti"
List of contacts for various towns, including Radauti:
The group from Radauti is called "The Organization of Former Residents of Radautz-Bukovina in Israel". They continue to send aid twice a year to the few needy Jews still remaining in Radauti and in the surrounding area. Bruce Reisch bir1@NYSAES.CORNELL.EDUradautz.html
Of more than 250 graduates from the years 1885 - 1896 of the Ober-Gymnasium (secondary school) in Radautz, Bukowina (now Radauti, Romania). In addition to the year of birth, the profession and town of residence in 1897 is given for each graduate. Webmaster is Peter Elbau
Other site for Radautz
Sadgura (now in Ukraine)
Now located in Ukraine, but formerly in Bukowina. Memoirs on the Sadgura ShtetLinks web site recalling life in Sadgura (Bukovina) and Chotin (Ukraine) in the early 1900s. Jack (Yankel) Becker tells the story of his early years in this 1974 oral history - interview with his daughter, Elizabeth becker.html Also sadgura.html
Nick Martin firstname.lastname@example.org is translating some key reference works concerning this shtetl; the relevant chapter from Pinkas Hakehillot, and the chapter from Hugo Gold's 1962, "Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina" is translating some key reference works concerning this shtetl; the relevant chapter from Pinkas Hakehillot, and the chapter from Hugo Gold's 1962, "Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina"
Sherivtsi (Shirivtsy, Shirivtsi, Szeriwce)
The Jewish cemetery in Solotvin was not damaged at all during the Holocaust and was fully documented
Located in Romania today
Synagogue in Suceava
"The Book of Suceava Jews"
Located in the southern half of the area formerly known as Bukovina. The northern portion of Bucovina is now part of the Ukraine. This site includes maps
"An almost unbelievable story of those three courageous girls from Sziget (Rochel Tsifser and the Deutsch sisters, Elvira and Magda), who kill by gun-fire the non-Jew who turns from their supplier of food into an extortionist and rapist - an unprecedented incident"